June 2018

Special Section in Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies on Computation and Digital Text Analysis at Melville's Marginalia Online

The June 2018 issue of Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies (20.2) features a special section on digital text analysis of Melville's marginalia, including the following articles by MMO editors, associates, and student interns:

  • Christopher Ohge and Steven Olsen-Smith, "Introduction: Computation and Digital Text Analysis at Melville's Marginalia Online" (1-16).
  • Tony McGowan with Marcus Blandford, Cyrus Garner, Kenzington Price, "Melville's Hand in Chapman's Homer: A Poet's Pagan Education" (17-36).
  • Christopher Ohge, Steven Olsen-Smith, Elisa Barney Smith with Adam Brimhall, Bridget Howley, Lisa Shanks, Lexy Smith, "At the Axis of Reality: Melville's Marginalia in The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare" (37-67).
  • Peter Norberg with Anna Lendacky, "'If not Equal all, Yet free": Political Freedom and Theological Doubt in Melville's Reading of Milton" (68-89).

The essays contribute new information and insights about Melville's reading and about the roles of literary influence in his thought and craft. Methodologically, they offer a preview of analytical approaches and tools currently under development at Melville's Marginalia Online. Here is the opening paragraph of the section introduction by guest-editors Ohge and Olsen-Smith:

"In an erased marginal comment on Shakespeare's character Parolles, the dissembling rogue in All's Well That Ends Well, Herman Melville invoked the most unexceptionable of mathematical formulas to reflect darkly on the abiding nature of human depravity:

As 2 & 2 made 4 in Noah's time, as now,
so man [?figures] ever. Here we have a
character very common in the Rail Road
Car of the [?most mighty] nineteenth century (Shakespeare's Dramatic Works 2.406).

Roughly forecasting the subject of Melville's tenth book, The Confidence-Man, the recovered annotation also reveals a seemingly incidental but nonetheless significant penchant on Melville's part for quantification. Quantities appear frequently in Moby-Dick and in other writings by Melville, whose fascination with numbers was demonstrated recently in the pages of this journal by Zachary Turpin. Numbers are not scarce in the author's marginalia either. "There are 75 folio volumes in that," Melville observed of Jaques's words in As You Like It (2: 284.26–27). In light of this predisposition to unite the quantifiable with the profound, the Melville's Marginalia Online (MMO) staff offer in the following essays digital text analyses of Melville's marginalia in his surviving copies of Homer, Shakespeare, and Milton. Methodologically unprecedented, and conducted in an integrative spirit, the essays combine distant with close reading, exploring hitherto unknown or under-appreciated evidence of Melville's engagement with these three major predecessors . . ."

Support the development of new functionality and analytical tools at Melville's Marginalia Online by making a tax-deductible donation to the project at Subscribe to Leviathan at the web site of the Johns Hopkins University Press.

June 2018

In Memory of William Sherman Reese

Melville's Marginalia Online has lost a true friend, an important, influential longtime supporter, and a cohort. With condolences to his family members, colleagues, and friends, the editors of MMO mourn the loss of Bill Reese on June 4 in Havre de Grace, MD, as reported by the Baltimore Sun. A great rare book dealer, collector, and steady benefactor of Melville scholarship, Bill was particularly devoted to the study of the author's library and reading. The 1988 revised and expanded edition of Merton M. Sealts's Melville's Reading listed a single book owned by Bill: Obed Macy's The History of Nantucket, inscribed "Herman Melville from his friend Thos Macy 7 1/m 1852." In 2004, as documented by Sealts and Steve Olsen-Smith in "A Cumulative Supplement to Melville's Reading" (Leviathan 6.1), the number of titles with Melville family associations in his collection had grown to thirteen. Today, MMO's Online Catalog lists twenty such titles in the Reese collection. This tally does not include the complete run of Melville first editions he acquired early on, some with extraordinary associations. Bill's acquisitions and intentions are recounted in his Grolier Club lecture, "Collecting Herman Melville." His astonishing success in assembling that archive, nearly 100 years into the period of Melville's posthumous fame, is testament to the admiration and commitment Bill felt for the author's life and writings. Numerous Melville scholars have been direct witnesses and beneficiaries of his devotion, with Bill's determination as a collector matched only by his eagerness to see the unique holograph evidence in his collection carefully examined and disseminated, and by his creation of fellowships and other forms of support for original research—including important gifts to Melville’s Marginalia Online. For apt examples of his collection and his open sharing of those riches, look no further than the digital copies of books lent by Bill to MMO for imaging and editing: Melville’s marked and annotated copies of Henry Cary’s translation of Dante's Commedia (under the title The Vision) and of William Hazlitt's Criticisms on Art and Lectures on the English Comic Writers and the English Poets. On behalf of everyone deeply indebted to your many acts of encouragement and generosity, thank you, Bill Reese, and farewell.

August 2017

Congratulations to Heather G. Cole

Heather G. Cole is the new Curator of Literature and Popular Culture at the John Hay Library, Brown University, a position she begins on August 21st. From 2007 to 2017, Heather served as Assistant Curator of Modern Books and Manuscripts at Houghton Library, Harvard, and in 2012 took on the additional role of Curator of the library’s Theodore Roosevelt Collection. Since 2008, Heather has been the principal contact for Melville's Marginalia Online in the digitization of annotated volumes from Melville’s library in Houghton’s collections. Under the direction of Curator of Modern Books and Manuscripts, Leslie Morris, she has coordinated the imaging of more than five dozen volumes from Melville’s library (supported primarily by the Robert G. Newman Fund), and in her final months at Houghton, she and Leslie put in place a program for the continued prioritized digitization of more than forty of Melville’s books, some of which require considerable conservation work in advance of imaging and special handling for studio work. For the entire existence of MMO, Heather has been a thoughtful, productive, and sophisticated partner. We applaud her new appointment, celebrate her many Houghton accomplishments (of which MMO work is only a small part), and value her contributions to our ongoing project. We salute Heather with admiration and gratitude and wish her well going forward. As Herman himself might say of Heather's advancement: What can be finer?

April 2017

Beta Test Version of Marginalia Search Tool Launched at Melville's Marginalia Online

Trace key words and expressions in Melville's annotations and in the printed text marked by him in his 7-volume set of The Dramatic Works of William Shakespeare (Sealts No. 460). The project's new search tool associates text and markup with pixel coordinates on page images to highlight and outline terms and expressions submitted through its search interface. Review the "Marginalia" and "XML Encoding" sections of "Guidance for Searching" for an explanation of XML encoding practices. Additional digital copies of Melville's books will be made searchable as markup progresses, with additions announced through the site's Facebook and Twitter pages.

June 2016

"Update on Books Owned and Borrowed by Melville" in Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies

"An Update on Books Owned, Borrowed, and Consulted by Melville" in Leviathan 18.2 provides updated information on books with Melville family associations that have been recovered or redescribed at Melville’s Marginalia Online since Steven Olsen-Smith and the late Merton M. Sealts's "Cumulative Supplement to Melville's Reading" appeared in Leviathan in 2004. Subscribe to Leviathan at the web site of the Johns Hopkins University Press.

July 2015

Special Section on "Melville's Hand" in Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies

Under the editorship of Samuel Otter and Brian Yothers and the auspices of the Johns Hopkins University Press and the Melville Society, Leviathan: A Journal of Melville Studies has featured a special section on "Melville's Hand" in its June 2015 issue (17.2). Focused on erased marginalia recovered at Melville's Marginalia Online, the special section features essays authored or co-written by Dawn Coleman, Dennis C. Marnon, Peter Norberg, Steven Olsen-Smith, and Joshua Preminger. Special thanks to Mr. William Reese, the New York Public Library, and Princeton University Library for the access and digital services that made these discoveries possible.